Updated: May 25
Freshwater is becoming more of a scarce resource with each passing year. Population increase has caused a rise in the water demand, while severe droughts have limited its supply.
We need to save water to keep our daily activities going, to grow the food that we eat and to preserve natural habitats. Saving water also reduces the burden on water treatment facilities, saves money and energy.
More importantly, saving water ensures that we make a sufficient supply of water available for future generations. It also makes it possible for areas with little access to water to get enough to cater to their needs.
This article will examine the reasons and benefits of saving water and simple techniques to help you save more water.
Water is part of our daily life
Water is a limited resource that we are all guilty of taking for granted. By conserving water, more people in the world will have enough water to perform essential day-to-day activities.
We use water in almost everything; it is part of our daily routines and is indispensable. For example, water is a compulsory component in preparing the majority of the food we eat.
Water is needed to stay clean, take baths, and ensure a hygienic environment.
Cleaning the basics like clothes, cars, dishes, utensils all require water. We also need to drink at least half a gallon of water daily. The body can survive without food for up to two months, but the organs begin to shut down after three days without water. To continue to perform these daily activities and keep our bodies healthy, we must look at ways to save water and avoid wastage.
Food can’t grow without water
Humans and animals need food. Plants provide food for both. When there is a water shortage, plants can’t grow because they need water to transport minerals and nutrients from the soil for cooling and photosynthesis.
Agriculture is the primary source of food production, and globally, about 70% of the world’s fresh water is used to irrigate crops. When there is a drought, plants will die, and it becomes difficult to grow food.
What happens when there is no water to grow plants? There will be famine, and the population will starve.
Take a look at the impact of the drought conditions in California. It has affected food production and threatened the water supply. As a result, authorities have urged citizens to conserve water to help speed up emergency drought responses.
Cultivating the habit of saving water means having sufficient water to grow food and sustain life even during droughts. It also ensures that plants can survive and the ecosystem is protected.
Wastewater affects the environment
About 80% of the world’s wastewater goes back into the environment without being treated, which means about 1.8 billion people use a contaminated source of drinking water.
Wastewater is a product of agricultural, industrial, and domestic household practices. Wastewater’s acidity has harmful effects on the environment. When it flows into streams in large quantities, it can raise its temperature, leading to the disturbance of the natural balance of aquatic life.
When you use a lot of water, you increase the quantity of wastewater that goes back to the environment untreated. For example, 62% of indoor water use comes from faucets, toilets, and showers. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), about 23,000 to 75,000 sanitary sewers are overflowing each year.
Adopting innovative water saving techniques can significantly reduce the amount of wastewater that goes into the environment.
There is a limited water supply
Only 2.5% of all water on earth is freshwater, and less than 1% of this is accessible to humans. Not many people think about the sources of water or how much is available for use. Some people believe that we have unlimited access to water, but that is not true.
As the world population continues to increase, water is becoming less accessible. Moreover, with bio-energy demands and climate change, this water crisis is likely to be amplified.
By 2050, researchers estimate that nearly half of the world’s population will live in water scarcity areas. By the end of the century, water deficit is projected to affect about 700 million people globally. These statistics point to one thing: we need to save water.